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What is an Underfloor Heating System? 

An underfloor Heating System is an arrangement of electric cables or water pipes below the flooring that heat your room. These can be done in any room- bathroom, bedroom and even upstairs. Also, there are two types of UFH- Electric and water-based. 

What is Electric Underfloor Heating? 

In an electric heating system, electric cables are laid below the floor. When electricity flows through these cables, the heat generated rises into the room, and thus very conveniently it warms the room. 

What is Water-Based Underfloor Heating? 

Water-Based Underfloor Heating is based on the same principle as electric UFH. But, in water-based systems, hot water flows through pipes laid below the floor and heat rises into the room. 

What is best, Electric UFH or water-based UFH? 

Well, that depends on your choice. The electric system is easier to install, heats fast, but is costlier to run than a water-based system. On the other hand, the water-based system is harder to install and take their time to heat the room, but are cheaper to run. 

What is better, radiators or Underfloor Heating? 

Radiators are somewhat less efficient than Underfloor Heating system. You may be able to cut down on your energy bills with UFH. Also, Underfloor Heating system gives an excellent aesthetic feel, as all of it is below your flooring, while radiators need to be repeated after every 4 meters. UFH is a good option for large spaces like halls and open kitchens, etc. But you can surely install radiators for bedrooms. 

Can I use underfloor heating upstairs? 

Yes, you can. With new-age technology and exclusive products, it is possible to install Underfloor Heating on any floor. 

Do I need to use insulation below my UFH? 

It is not necessary but recommended. Because it prevents the heat generated by UFH from going inside the Earth, it increases efficiency and gives a better response time. But, care should be taken that insulation material below should have more excellent insulation (R-Value) than the insulation provided by the floor above. 

What to do of hotspots where too many pipes are passing together? 

Places like doorways can have this problem, but you can insulate some of the pipes at such places. This will save you from overheating certain spots. Also, you will never have this problem with an electric heating system, because in it all the cables are laid within the room. They do not need to cross the room to be attached to an external boiler. 

Can there be a lime build-up in the pipes of my water-based UFH? 

No, such a thing would never happen, even if you have hard water because the temperature of the water is so high that no calcium build-up can happen.  

What is the warm-up time and how hot can my floor get? 

Warm-up time is the time the UFH takes to heat the floor. And how hot your floor can get is subject to the flooring you have. Tiles and stone heat quickly and soon attain temperatures of 29 Degree Celsius. While carpets are a bit less efficient, heating to about 27 Degree Celsius. 

What is screed? 

Screed is an excellent mixture of sand, cement, and water. It is used to give a beautiful finish for tiling or any other flooring activity. Ideally, a surface should not vary for more than 5mm over a 3-meter length. It is usually done over concrete but can be done over virtually any substrate. 

What does screed consist of? 

Screed consists of either sharp sand and cement which renders a smooth mixture, or coarse sand and cement which is used for more strength and is called the industrial screed.  

How many types of screed are there? 

Four types of screed are there- Unbonded Screed, Bonded Screed, Floating Screed, and Underfloor Heating Screed. 

Are our cement and screed different? 

Cement and screed are very similar concerning ingredients used. But cement uses coarser sand which gives it excellent strength and sturdiness while screed uses more beautiful sand which is great for finishing and levelling. 

How much time does screed take to dry/cure? 

Curing takes full 28 days. You can start walking on the screed after 1 or 2 days and move tools and furniture after 5 to 7 days. But activities like tiling and carpeting should be undertaken after only 28 days, to ensure proper strength. 

What is waterproofing? 

When you install waterproofing membrane and all other components in a proper sequence to protect surfaces from damage through water is called waterproofing. It is mandatory in all wet-areas like pools, spa, bathroom, laundries, etc. 

What substrates can I apply waterproofing on? 

Many substrates can be waterproofed. It is best done over concrete and screed. But you can apply it on render and existing tiles, blockwork, fibre cement sheet, wet-area plasterboard, and structural plywood. 

What is the primer? 

It is a liquid product which is applied before the waterproofing membrane. This is used to help the membrane bond with the substrate beneath. Primer usually consists of epoxy, latex, or polyurethane. 

How does a primer help? 

A primer keeps the adhesive wet for a longer time, and this is good as better curing takes place. Also, the open time is more, which means more tiles can be laid in one go. This also means you can adjust tiles later too because the adhesive is still considerably wet. Lastly, the primer also reduces pin holding during waterproofing. 

Do I need to apply primer before waterproofing? 

Yes, it is compulsory to apply primer before waterproofing because firstly, it helps bond better with the substrate. And secondly, it reduces pin holding while applying the membrane. 

Do I need to apply primer after waterproofing? 

No, primer is not required after applying waterproofing membrane because waterproofing membrane is non-absorbent. But, for any other surface, you need to apply primer. Otherwise, you may void your warranty. 

What are some differences between ceramic and porcelain tiles? 

Ceramic tiles are made up of clay and porcelain of porcelain and added minerals. Porcelain is better, denser, lesser water-absorbent than ceramic. Also, porcelain has a better finish than ceramic. All this is attributed to the fact that porcelain is baked at a higher temperature than ceramic. But ceramic tiles cost less than later one. 

How are the tiles laid? 

Laying tiles involves many procedures. First, there is the screed application and levelling. Then waterproofing is done on this screed. Then, the waterproofed surface is covered with adhesive and on it, tiles are laid. Keep spacers in between tiles while laying them. Later remove these spacers, and fill grout in them. You can also add additives to the grout and adhesive. 

What is grouting? 

Grouting is filling the spaces in between tiles with grout. Grout is made up of sand, cement, water. This grout can be of many types- unsanded grout, epoxy grout, etc. The grout helps in adjusting to building movement and movement in tiles, thus keeping tiles safe. 

What is the tile adhesive? 

Tile adhesive merely is adhesive for tiles. Tile adhesive is of two types- cement-based and pre-mixed type. Pre-mixed is a standard material, but you can be creative with cement-based. The type of adhesive to use depends on factors like the area, type of tile, humidity, temperature, etc. 

What effect does low humidity have on tile adhesive? 

Low humidity means that water in the tile adhesive gets evaporated faster. This means that cement cannot make good strong bonds. Because cement needs water to make stronger bonds, thus it results in a shorter life for the tiling. 

What effect does high temperature have on tile adhesive? 

High temperature accelerates the water-cement reaction. At a faster pace, the crystals formed are smaller than the ones formed during a normal paced reaction. Favourable temperature for tiling is below 35 Degree Celsius. 

How do you differentiate between remodelling and renovation? 

It is the scale that matters. When changes are done at a smaller scale, say changing or re-glazing sink and the bathtub, or changing some decorative pieces is called renovation.  But a larger scale project where you change most products and the whole look and feel of the bathroom is remodelling it. 

What changes can I bring in my bathroom in a renovation? 

You can bring some or all of the following changes in your bathroom while renovating it- Updating the plumbing, retiling the walls and floor, repainting the ceiling and walls, renew bathroom fixtures, change the lighting, and replace the ventilation, etc. 

Can I do something to make my small bathroom look bigger? 

Yes, of course. All you have to do is to give your bathroom a white theme. Like white natural lighting, whitish paint or tiles, etc. This is sure to make your bathroom feel larger. White colour reflects all the light, and thus space looks larger and brighter. Also, it creates an illusion of expanded boundaries. 

Should I re-glaze my bathtub or replace it? 

The answer depends on many factors. But, in a nutshell, re-glazing is excellent if you are on a budget and your tub is in excellent condition and you want to retain it. Old tubs are usually made of very durable cast iron. Lastly, re-glazing stays for about three years but still, there is no matching a new tub in a matter of looks. 

Do I need an exhaust fan? 

An exhaust fan is an absolute must. It not only takes the lousy odour out but also keeps a check on humidity and moisture levels. This check on moisture levels keeps mould and mildew out of your bathroom. So, you need an exhaust fan. 

Is replacing a tile shower costly? 

Yes, replacing a tile shower is costly because first of all you apply screed and do levelling. After that, we do waterproofing and then lay tiles. Thus, if any carelessness is done during application of any process or any part of the process, a lot of work will need to be redone. And this can be expensive. 

What type of tile should be used for bathrooms? 

Glass, stone, and porcelain tiles are the best types of tiles used for bathrooms because of their low-absorbent nature. Also, you need tiles that have some grip when wet. Thus glass tiles are best used on walls. 

Can I remove the white mineral build-up from showerheads? 

Yes, you can easily do that at home. All you need to do is fill a sandwich bag half full with white vinegar. Now fasten this bag to the showerhead. Such that the showerhead is completely immersed in it. Let it stay overnight. In the morning untie the bag and brush the showerhead with a toothbrush. And all the mineral deposit will be scrubbed off, and you will have a new and shiny showerhead. 

What steps may I take to keep my drain clean? 

The most significant step to be taken is to keep a watch on what is being washed down the drain. Things like coffee, hair, soap scum, eventually lead to clogged drains. Thus buy a drain strainer which will keep a check. And avoid caustic cleaner’s excessive usage as they may cause damage to the pipe. Instead of pouring one cup baking powder followed by hot water is also a good alternative. 

What can I do if my bathtub drain is filled with grout? 

This most probably will need professional help. But before that, you can try removing the trap of the bathtub and give a shot at snaking the pipe. If that is not working, call for help because it is probably time to change it. 

My water pressure is low. What to do? 

Water pressure can be low due to many reasons. A couple of them are, firstly, open faucets and filters to check if they are blocked as they need to be changed every year. Also, in case you have galvanised metal pipes, then calcium deposition on the insides of the pipe blocks them eventually on a period of 30-50 years. In this case, you will need to change the whole system. 

Why should I choose Shepparton Bathrooms? 

Shepparton Bathrooms is a respected and old entity of Shepparton bathroom servicing industry. We have serviced for many of our clients over all these years, and our experience has taught us good relationship building, quality service, and in-depth knowledge. We assure you that your experience with our business will be a smooth one.